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Several studies have documented that physicians feel pressured by parents to prescribe antimicrobials for respiratory infections. Overprescribing of antibiotics for viral illness is a factor contributing to increasing antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens encountered in pediatrics.1 Infants and children with RSV infections typically recover in 1 to 2 weeks, however, even after recovery, very young infants and those children who have weakened immune systems can continue to spread RSV for 1 to 3 weeks.2 If a proper diagnosis is not made, suitable infection control measures may not be implemented and infected children could continue to spread the virus.
- Byington, C.L. et al. (2002) The effect of rapid respiratory viral diagnostic testing on antibiotic use in a children’s hospital. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, Vol 156, pp.1230-34.
- Centers for Disease Control (CDC): About RSV - Infection and Incidence. [Online]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/rsv/about/infection.html Accessed: 06 Mar 13