Empowering appropriate antimicrobial use with rapid diagnostics.

The Consequences

Several studies have documented that physicians feel pressured by parents to prescribe antimicrobials for respiratory infections. Overprescribing of antibiotics for viral illness is a factor contributing to increasing antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens encountered in pediatrics.1 Infants and children with RSV infections typically recover in 1 to 2 weeks, however, even after recovery, very young infants and those children who have weakened immune systems can continue to spread RSV for 1 to 3 weeks.2 If a proper diagnosis is not made, suitable infection control measures may not be implemented and infected children could continue to spread the virus.