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The problem, the consequences, and rapid testing solutions

Each year, influenza (flu) causes serious infection and death around the globe, usually in the winter months (seasonal influenza). Latest figures suggest that worldwide, these annual epidemics result in about three to five million cases of severe illness, and about 250,000 to 500,000 deaths.1

The Problem

Influenza symptoms are similar to those of other common respiratory infections. Patients presenting with these symptoms are commonly treated empirically, without a formal diagnosis. 

The problem in relation to antimicrobial stewardship is twofold. Patients with Influenza-Like Illness (ILI), a medical diagnosis based on symptoms alone, are often treated with antibiotics, even though the most common cause for this set of symptoms is influenza, a viral infection. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses.

Alternatively, these patients are often automatically prescribed with influenza antivirals, which will be unnecessary if influenza is not the cause of infection and are only effective if prescribed within 48 hours of onset of symptoms.

Influenza (flu)

The Consequences

Resistance to influenza anitivirals is emerging. Many strains of influenza have already developed resistance to the older class of flu antivirals, the adamantanes. After four decades of effective use in the prophylaxis and treatment of influenza, global resistance to these drugs has increased dramatically among influenza viruses of the A/H3N2 subtype in recent years.2

The new class of influenza antivirals, neuraminidase inhibitors, oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), are currently suitable for all strains. However, sporadic resistance has already been observed with oseltamivir, and we have no further line of defence currently. During the 2007-2008 influenza season, oseltamivir resistance among influenza A(H1N1) viruses increased significantly for the first time worldwide.3

During the 2009 flu pandemic, further reports of resistance occurred. If we encounter another flu emergency, or a highly pathogenic strain emerges, we rely on these drugs to help prevent spread and help reduce secondary complications and mortality.

Rapid Testing

By testing patients and providing results quickly, antibiotics can be withheld and antivirals can be prescribed only where appropriate. Physician awareness of a rapid diagnosis of influenza decreases antibiotic use.4 Traditional diagnosis of influenza by viral culture or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is too lengthy to be useful in generating treatment options.4

Alere™ i Influenza A & B

Alere™ i Influenza A & B is a brand new molecular flu test which provides accurate results in less than 15 minutes on the Alere™ i platform. Significantly faster than other molecular methods and more accurate than conventional rapid testing, Alere™ i Influenza A & B enables you to deliver actionable flu results to your patients in any setting and empowers the appropriate use of antibiotics and antivirals. 

Alere™ i Influenza A & B is CLIA Waived!

Find out more at Alere-i.com

Download the Alere™ i Influenza A & B Brochure

Alere also offers a range of lateral flow tests to aid in the rapid diagnosis of flu, including Alere BinaxNOW®, Clearview® and SD; all excellent tools for determining those who require treatment.

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